Bunshindou Hataseihitsusho (Hata Bunshindou)

Production Process of the Kawajiri fude(Summarizes over 70 processes)

  • 1. Selection of hairs

    The hairs of a goat do not necessarily possess a uniform quality. There are always subtle differences among them in terms of glossiness, condition of the hair-tip, and their shapes.
    The highest-quality hairs need to be sorted out from the more raw hair strands by discerning the subtlest differences among them.
    To ensure a consistent quality, the selection work should always be conducted under the same conditions, on a sunny morning and facing south in order to attain a sufficient amount of natural light.
    Only a discriminating pair of eyes and an ultra-sensitive touch can ensure a perfect selection. This, however, requires many years of experience and a finely-honed intuition.

  • 2. Kegumi (Classification of hairs)

    Determine the character of a brush and its finished form. Classify the selected hairs into five groups according to their lengths derived by carefully examining their properties and calculating the amount to be used. This is the design process of brush making, through which the experience and keen, refined senses of a craftsperson will be ultimately tested. In this stage, hairs that are damaged, do not meet standards of quality, or are placed upside down are rejected. This process is done using a small knife-shaped tool called a hansasi.

  • 3. Boiling

    Wrap the hairs with linen cloth, bind with linen thread, soak into water.
    Boil to straighten hairs and remove fat.

  • 4. Watanuki (Remove fluff)

    Dry the hairs thoroughly and remove the fluff on the root of the hairs with a steel comb.

  • 5. Hinoshi (Melt & straighten)

    Sprinkle ash of burned rice husk.
    Melt the fat with an iron-like machine and straighten the hairs.

  • 6. Haimomi (Remove)

    While the hairs are still warm, wrap them quickly with a deer skin, carefully remove fat.

  • 7. Sakiyose (Aligns)

    Place each group of hairs on a steel plate and align the hair tips by tapping with a wooden plate.

  • 8. Sunngiri (Cut)

    For each group, place a wooden plate that matches the hair length and cut the excess at the roots.

  • 9. Sarae (Cull)

    Use Hansashi to remove uneven hairs and hairs with damaged tips.

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  • 10. Kemaze (Mix)

    Make each group of hairs into bundles, soak in water, rub and comb to remove unnecessary hairs, and make Hirame of five different length.

  • 11. Nerimaze (Mix)

    Choose the same portion of hairs from each Hirame, blend together, and make a new Hirame. Using water and Hansashi, mix repeatedly to make a perfect blend of five different hair sizes for durability and density.
    Repeat this process dozens of times.

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  • 12. Sarae (Cull)


    Superfluous hairs are rejected through meticulous handwork.

  • 13. Shintate (Adjust)

    Divide a Hirame into specific sizes, put each of them through Koma, adjust waistline, adjust shape, remove unwanted hair to make the core of brush.

  • 14. Uwagemaki (Wrap)

    Wrap the outside of a dried core with a sheet of thin, shiny hairs.

  • 15. Sarae (Cull)

    Superfluous hairs are rejected through meticulous handwork. The hair bunches are put back into shape, and then placed back onto the sieve.
    Repetition of this steady work will ensure the finest finish.

  • 16. Yakijime (Burn)

    Tie the root of a dried hair bundle with a linen thread and briefly burn the tail with heated iron.

  • 17. Kurikomi (Shaft insertion)

    Prepare a shaft composed of Daruma, Bikotsu, string, brush tube and so on. Put a small knife inside the shaft, rotate the shaft, shave it according to the size of a hair bundle.
    Apply adhesive to that part, and insert the hair bundle.

  • 18. Firmen

    Depending on the type of brush, firmen the hair with Funori.

19. Complete

  • Yoshiyuki Hata
    The Third Master
    The First designated traditional craftsperson of Kawajiri fude (brush)
    Date of birth: 3 February, 1951

    Major Achievements